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2019
08-28

php常用字符串函数实例总结



本文实例总结了php常用字符串String函数。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

nl2br

功能:化换行符为<br>

<?php $str = "cat isn't \n dog";
$result = nl2br($str); echo $result; /**结果
cat isn't
dog
*/ 


rtrim

功能:清除右边的空白

<?php $str = "Hello world "; echo strlen($str)."<br>";
$result = rtrim($str); echo strlen($result); /**结果
14
11
*/ 


strip_tags

功能:清除字符串中html和php的标记

<?php $str = "<font color = 'red'>Hello world</font>";
$result = strip_tags($str); echo $result; /**结果
Hello world
*/ 

strtolower 与 strtoupper

功能:转换成大小写

<?php $str = "Hello World!";
$result = strtolower($str); echo $result."<br>";
$result = strtoupper($str); echo $result; /**结果
hello world!
HELLO WORLD!
*/ 


trim

功能:去除首尾空格

<?php $str = " Hello World! ";
$result = trim($str); echo $str."<br>"; echo $result."<br>"; echo strlen($str)."<br>"; echo strlen($result); /**结果
Hello World!
Hello World!
16
12
*/ 


str_ireplace

功能:替换

<?php $str = "zhang san";
$result = str_ireplace("zhang","li",$str); echo $str."<br>"; echo $result; /**结果
zhang san
li san
*/ 


str_repeat

功能:将一个字符串重复多遍

<?php $str = "Hello jiqing!";
$result = str_repeat($str,4); echo $str."<br>"; echo $result; /**结果
Hello jiqing!
Hello jiqing!Hello jiqing!Hello jiqing!Hello jiqing!
*/ 


str_replace

功能:区分大小写的替换

<?php $str = "hello jiqing!";
$result1 = str_ireplace("Hello","Hi",$str); //不区分大小写 $result2 = str_replace("Hello","Hi",$str); //区分大小写 echo $str."<br>"; echo $result1."<br>"; echo $result2."<br>"; /**结果
hello jiqing!
Hi jiqing!
hello jiqing!
*/ 


str_word_count

功能:返回字符串中单词的个数

<?php $str = "hello jiqing a!";
$result1 = str_word_count($str); //返回个数 $result2 = str_word_count($str,1); //返回数组 echo $str."<br>"; echo $result1."<br>";
print_r($result2); /**结果
hello jiqing a!
3
Array ( [0] => hello [1] => jiqing [2] => a )
*/ 


strlen

功能:返回字符串长度

<?php $str = "hello jiqing a!";
$result = strlen($str); echo $result; /**结果
15
*/ 


substr_count

功能:计算一个字符串在另一个字符串中的个数

<?php $str = "hello jiqing ,hello jim!";
$result = substr_count($str,"hello"); echo $result; /**结果
2
*/ 


substr_replace

功能:从某个位置开始替换

<?php $str = "hello jiqing ,hello jim!";
$result = substr_replace($str,"zhangsan",6); echo $result."<br>";
$result = substr_replace($str,"zhangsan",6,6);//从某个位置替换,替换几个字符串 echo $result; /**结果
hello zhangsan
hello zhangsan ,hello jim!
*/ 


substr

功能:获取子字符串

<?php $str = "abcdef";
$result = substr($str,0,1); //从第0个开始,获取1个 echo $result."<br>";
$result = substr($str,0,-1);//从第0个开始,获取到除了最后一个的字符串 echo $result."<br>";
$result = substr($str,2,-1);//从第2个开始,获取到除了最后一个的字符串 echo $result."<br>";
$result = substr($str,-3,-1);//从第-3个开始,获取到除了最后一个的字符串 echo $result."<br>";
$result = substr($str,-3,1);//从第-3个开始,获取到除了最后一个的字符串 echo $result."<br>"; /**结果
a
abcde
cde
de
d
*/ 


implode

功能:将数组转化为字符串

<?php $array = array("2017","6","3");
$date = implode("/",$array); echo $date; /**结果
2017/6/3
*/ 


md5

功能:对字符串进行md5加密

<?php $str = "Hello world";
$result = md5($str); echo $result; /**结果
3e25960a79dbc69b674cd4ec67a72c62
*/ 

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