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2020
01-14

laravel5.1框架基础之Blade模板继承简单使用方法分析

本文实例讲述了laravel5.1框架基础之Blade模板继承简单使用方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

模板继承什么用? 自然是增强基础页面的复用,有利于页面文档的条理,也便于更改多处使用的内容,如页头、页脚

1.用法概要

@include('common.header') 包含子视图
@extends('article.common.base') 继承基础模板
@yield('content') 视图占位符
@section('content') @endsection继承模板后向视图占位符中填入内容
{{-- 注释 --}} Blade模板中注释的使用
2.具体使用

2.1 新建Article基础模板base.blade.php

直接使用Bootstrap4模板代码及CDN,新建视图基础模板

路径resources/views/article/common/base.blade.php


<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en">
<head>
<title>Artilce|标题在此</title>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.rawgit.com/twbs/bootstrap/v4-dev/dist/css/bootstrap.css" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >
</head>
<body>
{{-- 包含页头 --}}
@include('article.common.header')
{{-- 继承后插入的内容 --}}
@yield('content')
{{-- 包含页脚 --}}
@include('article.common.footer')
<script src="http://ajax.useso.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.4/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/twbs/bootstrap/v4-dev/dist/js/bootstrap.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
.2. 建子视图文件 页头和页脚

页头文件  resources/views/article/common/header.blade.php


<nav class="navbar navbar-light bg-faded">
  <div class="container">
  <a class="navbar-brand" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Articles</a>
  <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
    <li class="nav-item active">
    <a class="nav-link" href="/article" rel="external nofollow" >首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a class="nav-link" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >写文章</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
  <ul class="nav navbar-nav pull-right">
  <li class="nav-item">
    <a href="" class=" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" btn btn-primary-outline">登录</a>
  </li>
  <li class="nav-item">
    <a href="" class=" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" btn btn-success-outline">注册</a>
  </li>
  </ul>
</div>
</nav>
2.2. 建子视图文件 页头和页脚

页头文件  resources/views/article/common/header.blade.php



<nav class="navbar navbar-light bg-faded">
  <div class="container">
  <a class="navbar-brand" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Articles</a>
  <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
    <li class="nav-item active">
    <a class="nav-link" href="/article" rel="external nofollow" >首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a class="nav-link" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >写文章</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
  <ul class="nav navbar-nav pull-right">
  <li class="nav-item">
    <a href="" class=" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" btn btn-primary-outline">登录</a>
  </li>
  <li class="nav-item">
    <a href="" class=" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" btn btn-success-outline">注册</a>
  </li>
  </ul>
</div>
</nav>
页脚文件 resources/views/article/common/footer.blade.php



<div class="footer"
    style="width: 100%;height: 300px;background-color: #00B388;padding-top: 50px;">
  <div class="container">
    <h1 style="color: #FFFFFF;font-size: 1.5em;">Articles</h1>
  </div>
</div>


2.3 即可继承模板,实现复用

新建主页文件在resources/views/article/index.blade.php


@extends('article.common.base')
@section('content')
  <div class="container" style="height: 500px;text-align: center;">
  <h1 style="position: absolute;left: 35%;top: 30%;">继承模板的主页搞定了!</h1>
   {{-- 这里是Blade注释 --}}
  </div>
@endsection
2.4 如何访问?



需要路由以及控制器配合,这里简单只用路由实现,详细内容请点击,以及接下来的其它文段

在app/Http/routes.php 路由注册文件写上如下代码
Route::get('/',function(){
  return view('article.index');
});
启动你的配置的laravel跑的服务器,比如我在目录地址下php artisan serve

浏览器输入 : localhost:8000,即可看到效果图


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